Chemical peels are a type of cosmetic procedure that uses a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin by removing its damaged outer layers. It is helpful in treating wrinkles, blemishes, and uneven skin pigmentation. This treatment can be used on the face, neck, or hands.
A chemical peel is a type of exfoliation that removes the outer layers of skin. In this procedure, a chemical solution is applied to the skin causing it to separate and peel off. The new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. Depending on the strength of the chemical used, the peel can penetrate into different levels of the skin.
Chemical peels are effective treatments for wrinkles, blemishes and uneven skin pigmentation. They can also be used to improve mild scarring, treating some types of acne and reducing age spots. In addition to improving the appearance of your skin, chemical peels can also stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, which are important components for skin health.
However, chemical peels can cause side effects and risks. Some of these include redness and swelling of the skin, infection, scarring or changes in skin pigmentation. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before undergoing this procedure to ensure you are a good candidate for it.
There are three main types of chemical peels: superficial, medium and deep. Superficial peels use mild acids to penetrate only the outer layer of skin and can be used to treat fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne. Medium peels use trichloroacetic acid or glycolic acid to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to treat wrinkles, superficial blemishes and pigment problems. Deep peels use phenol to reach deeper layers of skin and can be used for treating coarse facial wrinkles, blotches, deep scars and precancerous growths.
Before undergoing a chemical peel, you should consult with your doctor to discuss the potential risks of the procedure and any preparations that need to be made. Depending on the type of peel you are having, you may need to stop taking certain medications or take precautions such as avoiding sun exposure before your treatment. Your doctor may also advise you to use a pretreatment skin care regimen to prepare your skin for the peel.
Following a chemical peel, your doctor will provide detailed instructions on how to care for your skin during the recovery period. Your skin may be red and swollen, and you should avoid any activities that might irritate or stain your skin. Your doctor will also provide advice on how to protect the newly formed skin with sunscreen and moisturizer.
It is important to follow the aftercare instructions of your doctor to ensure a safe and successful recovery from the chemical peel treatment. With proper care and precautions, you can enjoy beautiful, refreshed skin.